AN INTRODUCTION OF DEFORESTATION AND IT’S IMPACTS IN GUWAHATI
Deforestation can be named as the world’s foremost world issue. The way it is happening is not acceptable at all especially in India.
Guwahati also known as the “Gate Way Of North Eat India” is now facing the hard impacts of this destruction.
Without making more delay let’s get into this post which elaborates more about deforestation and it’s impacts in Guwahati.
But. first of all we need to know what deforestation really is. Let’s get a quick look on what is deforestation.
WHAT IS DEFORESTATION ?
Broadly speaking deforestation is the exact opposite of afforestation as it refers to the cutting down and clearing of forest or forested region for human needs or may be for the inhuman greed.
In deforestation a large scale of cut down of forest occurs for the use of the forest cleared land or the raw material in it. In most of the cases the deforested land is used for agricultural croplands, urbanization or mining activities.
All these activities occur by us the humans without thinking about the innocent animals in it or even our only blue planet.
This broad process called “deforestation” brings so many negative impacts on the ecosystem, biodiversity and the climate.
REAL & DEADLY CAUSES OF DEFORESTATION IN ”GUWAHATI”
Guwahati, a city of north east India, Assam is truly a storehouse of beauty. It is one of the best places of India in terms of it’s natural beauty. But things are changing now in this city. Know how..
By the years, Guwahati has become one of the fastest developing cities of India. In 1891 it had only 8,394 people but in 2021 the population has already reached to 1,135,000. Due to this sudden change in population urbanization is on fire in this city.
As I discussed earlier, the the growth of population in Guwahati is leading to more urbanization causing most of the deforestation. The population of Guwahati was 17.17% during 1941-51 and rose to 65.72% during 1981-1991 unexpectedly.
This tremendous growth of population directly caused the need of housing which accelerated the real estate of industry, deforestation and reduced the wet lands and land coverage.
WHAT ARE THE UNSEEN IMPACTS OF DEFORESTATION IN “GUWAHATI” ?
The instant increase of deforestation in Guwahati has caused many severe impacts on the climate of north east India. The climate condition of the area in and around Guwahati is rapidly changing.
In last year, a huge amount of dust had appeared in the sky which was mainly due to the Earth Work of National Highways Authority of India, cutting of hills in near by areas of Meghalaya adjoin to Guwahati city, construction work undertaken by Real Estate Industry and deforestation took place in these regions.
This high amount of dust in the sky had brought many adverse effects on the environment. Many researches had reveled that, though dust storms and particles might reduced the ultraviolet radiation from the sun but, many organic dust had accounted for most common exposure lead to respiratory diseases of the near by people.
The construction of Industrial units in the border areas of Assam and Meghalaya by the side of National Highway 37 cutting hills and clearing forest created a great environmental impacts on the climate of Guwahati.
Due to this reason there was a increased amount of dust particles in the air for the removal of land coverage and deforestation.
The shortage of rain fall also has seen in Guwahati city which is directly linked to deforestation causing a effective climate change. To the report of meteorological department, shortage of rain fall is been being observed in Assam and it’s adjoining states and cities like Guwahati.
Do you know that North East India boasts for world’s wettest place, has now witnessed the highest rainfall deflect in last 30 years ? Yes it has.
According to the meteorologists, the continued deforestation in North East India has made a serious impact on global warming by this reduced amount of rain fall. Assam is one of the worst affecting on the basis on deflect rain fall recording 34% less rain.
This shortage of rain water has become so serious that many localities of Guwahati have been facing acute water difficulties. The ground water also has gone down in these regions foe deforestation.
The trend of the average rainfall with respect to the years shows that the minimum total of rain fall in Guwahati is 1650mm and the maximum is 1850mm. Thus minimum rainfall was observed during the years 1996 to 1999 which period holds the most of the deforestation in Guwahati city.