HISTORY OF BLACK AND WOMEN IN AMERICAN DEMOCRACY :

America: discovered by the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus in Oct 12,1942, was the center place for colonialism by the European countries. The suitable climate, spacious crop fields, dingle jungle, and stored natural resources attracted the rich European countries to built their colonies in that areas. Eventually there were 13 colonies established and so as in the growth of population. 

HISTRORY OF BLACK AND WOMEN IN AMERICAN DEMOCRACY

The palaface of that time brought thralls from Africa and West indies and forced them to work in their fields and home. The white people made much money from Tobacco, cotton tree, Paddy and Indigo tree with the help of those slaves. 

 After some decade The American rose their voice against exploitation and started freedom struggle of United States of America. The by the time America got its full freedom on July 4,1776 when all the 13 colonies reversed all their connection with Great Britain and that was the end of England era in America.

The previous America was known as ‘Amerigo‘ and US known were known as United Colonies.4th July is celebrated as ‘freedom festival’ in USA.

CIVIL WAR AND ABOLITION OF SLAVERY :

After the independence, America stood as an republican country which allowed its citizen to vote to elect Govt. The first ever American election was held from 15th Dec, 1788 to- 10th Jan 1789, under the new constitution rectified after independence in 1788. 

According to the constitution all the citizens granted some specific fundamental rights. The USA constitution says “All men are created equally but, the democratic rights in limit. “The American democracy didn’t allow equal rights to all.

Basically Black American not allowed to vote and they also unbaled to enjoy their political rights by the American democracy. The black people were tortured by the white people drastically. North America was in dominance of black people where as south America was in the dominance of white people. 

The acrimonious situation increased more and more among black and white people. During this conflict the black people of American democracy claimed again and again for fundamental rights. All these contention in the country leads to Civil War moment in America.

With the leadership of Abraham Lincoln the American Civil War ended in for of black people. The white people bowed down in front of the black people and a manifestation approved which was called as Emancipation proclamation. With the manifestation, the practice of slavery abolished from America in 18th Dec. 1865 officially.

POST MENIFESTATION PERIOD OF SLAVERY ABOLITION:

Although the proclamation regarded fundamental rights of voting to all its citizens, the African origin Black people were dormanted in the USA republic. As a federation, American Congress ordered all its states to give proper voting rights to its black slaves in the American republic and a law also passed to receive feedback from the black people in 1866 AD. 

Unfortunately all the crises didn’t dissolve and it helped the Republican party of America to elect it’s representative as the president of America in 1868 AD voting. 

RESTRICTION IMPOSSED TO WITHDRAW THE VOTING OF BLACK PEOPLE :

Former Mr. President Abraham Lincoln spent his whole life for the political dignity and judicial rights of the black people in America. The Republican Party of America were all for the rights of black people where the Democratic Party was against it. 

In American democracy there were 42 black people elected from south Carolin, 127 black people elected for Louisiana parliament and 99 black people elected from Albama parliament. During 1865-1877, the Republican party approved 4 major Federal Civil Rights which were legislate in for of African Americans.

But, the time changed when Democratic Party came into ruling power and they controlled the Congress. Democratic party brought the 15th Amendment to reduce the rights of the black people and those rights are mentioned below:-

POLL TAX : 

The voters used to give a tax before voting. The quantity of tax was so high that it was unbearable for the black people and they quite voting for nation.

LITERACY TEST :

The literacy test aimed to reduce the black voters number. According to tis law the black were forced to give a test before voting and if they fail in that test they were considered as unable to give their vote. The test was managed by the white people of democratic party.

GRANDFATHER CLAUSES :

 According to this law, before the 15th amendment of the American constitution whose father and grand father were registered as voters in the voter list only those persons were able to vote or the right of voting. Due to this law only white people give majority vote and vise-versa of the black people.

BLACK CODE : 

Black code is a type of regulation that regulate the right to freedom and financial rights of the black African American.

COMPLICATED ELECTION PROCEDURE: 

To rescind the vote of black African American, the white of democratic party complicate the election procedure and the black people were not given complete information about the changes in the procedure of election. So, the black voters number rescinded for the complication in election procedure.

OTHER RESTRICTION: 

According to the lection rule and regulation at that time, a person was able to vote when he was the resident of own state for minimum 2 years and country for 1 year.. That was the vital rule for which most African Americans lost their rights to vote in election.

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