SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE:
EARLY LIFE OF SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE :
Subhas Chandra Bose is known for his dedication for free India and truly a incredible gem of India. Despite of having a life which would be luxurious, he spent his entire life for the freedom of free India and died on a mysterious way.
Subhas chandra Bose was born on 23rd January 1897 Cuttack, Orissa. He was born in a very dignified family. Janakinath Bose and Prabhavati Dutt Bose was the parents of Subhas Chandra Bose and was a great lawyer at that time. The early life of Subhas Chandra Bose was very interesting and inspiring.
SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE EDUCATION :
Subhas chandra Bose was the student of Ravenshaw Collegiate school. After primary teach he studied philosophy in the presidency college at Calcutta. Subhas chandra Bose was mostly influenced by Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Swami Vivekananda and Rabindranath Tagore.
He was also influenced by Benito Mussolini, Mustafa Kamal pasa, Garibaldi and Lenin. When he was in presidency college a very unfortunate thing happen out there.
Prof C.F Weton who was against of India beaten during the presence of Subhas chandra Bose. In this incident Subhas Chandra Bose did not give out the name of attacker and also he did not proved that he was innocent.
For this, he was restricted from the college in 1916.After this he was admitted in Scottish Church College in Kolkata. In 1919 he left college when he was doing degree in Philosophy. So, this was the Early life of Subhas Chandra Bose. In 1920 he got the 4th position in I.C.S examination. But he repudiate this honor and returned to India.
What was the political life of Subhas Chandra Bose ?
The political life of Subhas Chandra Bose actually started in the year of 1923 when he was joined in National Congress. He was ornamented the editor post of Bengal provincial committee.
In 1924 he was elected as the corporator of Calcutta. he was also elected both in Bengal provincial congress conference and All India Labor Congress.
Due to his endless courage he become very popular among the public of India .He did many revolution ,so the Britisher arrested Subhas chandra Bose in 1924.After one year he was transferred to a jail in Mandalay, Burma. He was elected as president in 1938 in Haripur National Congress.
In 1939 he was again the president of tripuri session. Although Mahatma Gandhi refused him to not to accept presidency at this session. After this session, due to the misunderstanding between him and Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose left Indian National Congress.
After this incident Mr. Bose made a political party named as “Forward Block” in 3rd May,1939.
DEDICATIONS OF NETAJI FOR FREE INDIA
Subhas Chandra Bose dedicated his life for the freedom of India .What did Subhas Chandra Bose do for India is described below paragraphs.
He was arrested on 2nd July 1940.In 1941 a very furious happening happened in the history of India .He renounced India for the freedom. He thought that freedom could be possible if he fights for freedom from outside of India. He followed the principle that “ENEMY’S ENEMY IS OUR FRIEND”.
He realized that it was not possible to find freedom without the help of outsider. So, Subhas chandra Bose went for the help of Germany and Japan who were against of British Raj. On 26th January 1941 he crossed the border of Afghanistan .After that in between the path of Soviet Russia he reached Berlin on 25th March 1941.
By the help of the Govt. of Germany he established “FREE INDIA ARMY” in Berlin. Almost 20000 prisoner of war contributed themselves in this. The Commanders of Germany trained the soldiers .The famous “JAY HIND” slogan was used by the soldiers to encourage themselves.
In 1941 Subhas chandra Bose established “Azad hind” wireless radio connection in Germany. In the year of 1942 on February 19 he diffused his first coincide wireless message .
After this he meet Hitler and compiled the help for the freedom of India. As Germany was very far from India it was very difficult to stay connected. It was also difficult to keep the struggle .So, he put his eye on Japan.
MAKING OF AZAD HIND FAUJ or INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY (INA)
Indian nationalist Rash Behari Bose had made a association in Japan. Captain Mohan Singh had taken the leadership of Indian national army .On 13th June 1943 Subhas chandra Bose arrived in Tokyo. After that he meet “HIDEKI TOJO” the prime minister of Japan .Due to the help of Tojo he made two radio station out there .
Due to the inspiration of Subhas chandra Bose the member of INA increased day by day. The member of Indian National Army designated Subhas chandra Bose as “NETAJI”. He divided INA with four bridges .These were Gandhi bridge, Nehru bridge, Azad bridge and Jhansi Rani bridge. Captain Laxmi Sehgal did the captaincy of Jhansi Rani bridge.
WHAT WAS SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE’S IMPACT ?
Indian National Army was ready to fight against British rule for India’s freedom. After when INA was made Netaji declared the war against British rule . It was clearly visible that what was Subhas chandra Bose’s impact on INA. He said “the path to Delhi is the path towards freedom”.
These made INA’s soldiers very motivated for freedom. When Netaji reached at Burma on 4th July 1944 he motivated the soldiers of INA by saying” You give me blood and i shall give you freedom”. Netaji’s encouraged the soldiers of INA by saying “Delhi chalo” and “Jay Hind”.
On 6th November 1943 Netaji had already ceremonially took Andaman Nicobar island from the British rule and on 30th December he hoisted tricolor Indian flag. He named them as “SHAHEED” and “SWARAJ”. On April 1944 INA crossed Myanmar and entered in Manipur .
Then INA captured Kohima and also hoisted national flag of India. After that they forwarded to capture “Imphal”.
THE FAILURE OF INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY :
The failure of Indian National Army cause delay in the freedom of our nation. Though the Indian National Army were able to capture Kohima but it got failure due to these reasons.
After INA captured Kohima due to heavy rainfall the communication and connection between INA and Japan separated. Also at this time Japan was defeated in World War II. Which become the major reason for the failure of Indian National Army.
Along this Britishers were able to capture north-east of India and Assam which made INA to went back.
HOW DID SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE DIE :
It is a very important crucial question for India. The actual reason behind “how did Subhas Chandra Bose die “has not clearly known yet. Most believed that on 18th August 1945 Subhas Chandra Bose died on a plane crash. He was going Tokyo. But many don’t believed it was the actual reason behind his death.
Subhas chandra Bose is always lauded for his aflame efficiency, gallantry and patriotism towards India. When the freedom agitation for India was withered at the time of World War II, the freedom fight of Subhas chandra Bose and the work of INA had given a new life to the freedom agitation.
Netaji is still alive in our hearts for his endless patriotism for India.
|| JAY HIND ||
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