12 JYOTIRLINGAS IN INDIA (LORD SHIVA)
We worship Jyotirlinga as a devotional representation of the Lord Shiva.”Jyoti” means”Radiance” and “linga” means “Image or Sign” of Shiva.
It is believed that there are 64 Jyotirlingas ,where 12 of them are considered to be very auspicious and holy.
#12 JYOTIRLINGAS ARE:
After the curse, The Moon along with his wife Rohini came to Somnath and worshiped the sparsa lingam ; after which he was blessed by Shiva to regain his lost beauty and shine.
Again the reconstruction was made under the orders of Home Minister of India Vallabh bhai Patel in 1951 and completed after his death.
#2. MALLIKARJUNA JYOTIRLINGA :
It is known to be in existence since ancient times, but it is also mentioned that Chalukyas kingdom(AD 624-848) and Kakatiyas (AD953-1323) have contributed in the development of Mallikarjun temple.
HOW IT BECAME MALLIKARJUNA ?
According to Indian Mythology, The younger son, Kumar Kartikeya of Lord Shiva got angry and came to Kronch Hills from Kailash.
After him, Lord Shiva and Mata Parvati came here and stayed with on with the name “ARJUN” and ‘MALLIKA’.
Lord Shiva is worshiped as Mallikarjuna and is represented by the Lingam. His consort Parvati is depicted as BRAHMARAMBA.
There is a Sahasra(1000 lingas) believed to have been commissioned by Rama and five other lingas believed to have been commissioned by Pandas in the temple.
According to Mythology, the holy abodes of Adi Parashakti formed due to the falling of Sati Devi’s corpse when Shiva carried it and wondered. It is believed that Sati Devi’s upper lip has fallen in this Shakti Peetha.
#3. MAHAKALESHWAR JYOTIRLINGA :
The temple is believed to be SWAYAMBHU (self manifested) , obtaining currents of Shakti (Power) from within itself. It has a enchanting and holy environment .
The idol of Mahakaleshwar is known to be Dakshinmukhi as the idol the lingam faced towards south. This unique feature , uphold by tantric tradition to be founded only in Mahakaleshwar among the 12 Jyotirlingas .
There is Nandi lived in the south of the temple. The idol of Nagchandreshwar on the third storey is open for Darshan only on the day of NAG PANCHAMI.
during the reign of Jayajirao Shinde(until 1886) major programs of state used to be hold at this temple. After Independence the Devasthan Trust took the responsibility of the temple and Nowadays it is under the control of the Ujjain District.
The island where the temple is built is shaped like the Hindu symbol OMM that is why it is called as Omkareshwar jyotirlinga.
According to Indian Mythology when Narad, the great prophet visited to the God of Vindhya mountains, he was quite raging after knowing that there was no dwelling for Lord Shiva and so, the God of the mountains referred himself to very strict non indulgences.
Lord Shiva was very delighted when the deity of the mountain said that he would make Omkareshwar one of his homes. So the entire area is bordered by mountains, making an enchanting view for travelers.
There are 21 temples here except the main temple of Baba Vaidyanath. There is a specialty in the temple that the wishes of the devotees come here fulfilled and that is why this Jyotirlinga is otherwise known as “Kamna Lingam”.
Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga is located at Prajwalika Nidhanam in the north-eastern part of the country.Deoghar is also called as “Chidabhoomi” that indicates , in the previous times this place was famous for funeral place.
This place could have been a center of Tantric cults like Bhairava where Lord Shiva is worshiped as SMASAN VASIN or Sava Bhasma Bhushita (smearing body with ashes of burnt bodies) .
In this place Sati Devi is worshiped as Jayaa Durga and Lord Bhairava as Vaidyanath or Baidyanath.
6.Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga :
Although this temple is not famous as the Trimbakeshwar and Grishneshwar temple but the heavenly surrounding of this temple is strong enough to develop the spiritual thought inside you.
Bhimashankar temple is surrounded by hill with thick green rain-forests. This temple got its name according to the river Bhima, which was evaporated due to the generated war between Lord Shiva and the demon Tripurasura.
This temple was made by an eminent statesman of Maratha Empire, Nana Fadnis. The temple took both the architecture of the Nagra and Indo-Aryan, dating back to the 18th century.
There are some other temples like Kamalaja(which is dedicated to Lord Parvati), a shani temple also found here. One type of special bell found here which is in Roman style in front of the temple,presented by Chimaji Appa (brother of Bajirao Peshwa I).
He gave it after the victory against the Portuguese from the Vasai fort. After all it is not only known for its holisticness but also for its rich environment like Hanuman lake, Gupt Bhimashankar, origin of river Bhima, Nag Phani, Bombay Point etc made this place so peaceful and enchanting.
It is a reserved forest area contains 130.78 miter square and declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1985. The murmuring sound of the birds, insects, the roar of wild animals and charming beauty of the thick forest attract the visitors to come here.
7. Rameshwar Jyotirlinga :
The enchanting scenery of this place is stunning and beautiful and it is also famous because as it is the “Char Dham” pilgrimage for the Hindus to visit.
Lord Rama prayed and worshiped Lord Shiva to help him to built the Rama Setu, so, the place is dedicated to Lord Shiva attached with Lord Rama.
It is believed that Sita bathed in the sea at the Agnitheertham and offered prayers to Lord Shiva. There is two Shiva lingas in this temple, one is brought by Hanuman from Kailash parvat and the other one was made by Lord Rama.
Ramanathaswamy temple is associated with the Khilji family as Alauddin Khilji came here and his general Malik Kafur, to mark his arrival, built the Alia al-din khalji mosque there.
#8.Nageshwar Jyotirlinga :
This temple is also known as Nagnath temple because those who pray at this temple become free from snake bite, all poisons and worldly attractions.
According to Shiva Purana, the Nageshwar Jyotirlinga describes the story of a demon of Daruka who attracted to a Shiva devotee Supriya. Supriya along with other girls were imprisoned by Daruka.
They were taken to a city which was located under the sea inhabited by sea snakes and demons.All of them prayed Lord Shiva to rescue them. Immediately Lord Shiva appeared and rescued them all.
After then Supriya created a Shiva Linga to dedicate Lord Shiva. The lingam that supriya had created was named “NAGESHA”, due to this the lingam was named as “NAGESHWAR JYOTIRLINGA“.
#9.Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga :
The main deity of this temple is known by the name Vishwanatha or Vishveshwara meaning as the ruler of the Universe.
According to Skanda Purana, it is the most popular Hindu pilgrim center of India for its uniqueness. The Jyotirlinga in Kashi Vishwanath has two sides on the lingam, On the right side there is a Mata Bhagwati and Lord Shiva at the left side with all their prettily.
It is also called as “Mukti Marg” as its provides Mukti (nirvana) to the devotees. It is well known for necromancer. Baba Vishwanath worshiped in both a “Guru(teacher)” and “Raja(King)” form.
#10.Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga :
#11.Kedarnath Jyotirlinga :
Kedarnath is an ancient and magnificent temple which is located in the Rudra Himalayan Range in the state of Uttarakhand.
One can see the Bhairava temple, Gandhi Sarovar or Chorabari lake (a beautiful glacial lake), Son Prayag and more.
According to the legends the Pandavas sought the blessing of Lord Shiva after the Mahabharata war to overcome their sin.
That is why these temples are called as “Panch Kedar”. These temples opens six months in a year for the visitors. This place is the Sangham of five rivers such as Mandakini, MaduGanga, CheerGanga, Saraswati and Swarngauri.
Kedarnath came into the breaking news at the time it was mostly flooded by the river Mandakini. In this flood everything of the area was destroyed and more than 1,00,000 people affected directly and lost their homes.
But surprisingly when all over the temple site were destroyed, the main temple was not affected by the flood. A great stone automatically saved the temple and after that the big stone has been worshiped as ‘Bhim Shila’.
Among the 12 Jyotirlingas, Ghrishneshwar or Dhushmeshwar temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and it is the last Jyotirlinga on earth. The temple was destroyed several times and also rebuilt several times.
The present temple was built by Rani AhilyaBai Holkar of Indore in the 18th century after the downfall of Mughal Empire.
The term ‘Ghrishneshwar’ means “the lord of compassion”. Lord Shiva worshiped here and believed to take away all the sufferings of his devotees.
On the other hand the devotees believed that the act of worshiping the Jyotirlingas equals to worshiping all other Jyotirlingas.
On wards this temple was worship as one of the Jyotirlinga in India. It is near Ellora caves in Aurangabad district in Maharashtra ,India.
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