EARLY LIFE OF MAHATMA GANDHI :
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian politician he completely changed Indian political history. Everyone knows that Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian political ethicist ,a lawyer ,anti-colonial nationalist who lead successful campaign for Indian independence from British rule.
Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of against British rule. Again Mahatma Gandhi was able to advocated in South Africa for the civil rights of Indians out there.
So here a question arise that ,
Who did give the title of “Mahatma” to M.K GANDHI?
The answer is Rabindranath Tagore gave the title of “Mahatma” to M.K Gandhi. In Sanskrit Mahatma simply means that “Great Soul”.
When and where was Mahatma Gandhi born?
WHAT IS THE HISTORY OF MAHATMA GANDHI?
In South Africa, from the year of 1893-1914 Mahatma Gandhi worked as an attorney, a public worker and fight against of injustice and class division. Within 10 years Mahatma Gandhi propagated the philosophy of Satyagraha in South Africa.
The “KHEDA” movement:
The Kheda movement was held by Mahatma Gandhi in 1918 at Kheda located in the state of Gujrat. In 1918 due to famine the crop got fully destroyed .But the Britishers ordered to give the tax. But at that time there was a rule that if the farmers got the corps less than 1/4 of the whole amount then the farmers are immune to give tax.
But the farmers were said to give the tax. Due to this the farmers refuse to give tax. Mahatma Gandhi himself gather all the farmers and made a movement known as Kheda movement. After that Mahatma Gandhi got another success in the movement in Ahmedabad cloth industry in 1918.
The government act 1919 and the Hunter committee made the movement more successful in some time the fire of non violence movement got spread all over the India. Due to the call of Mahatma Gandhi many famous persons such as Subhas Chandra Bose, Vallabhai patel, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, Jawaharlal Nehru got into corporation.
ENDING OF NON-COOPERATION MOVEMENT:
THE CHAURI CHAURA INCIDENT:
On 5th February 1922 a hilarious incident happened in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh(Chauri Chaura). Some of the agitator set a police station on fire. Due to this 22 police officers died. This incident broke Mahatma Gandhi’s heart and the rule of non cooperation movement. On 12th February 1922 in Bardoli he call off the non cooperation movement.
CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT:
Civil Disobedience Movement was an epic movement taken by Mahatma Gandhi. In 1927 Sir John Simon lead a commission to investigate the GOVT. Act 1919.There were seven people in this meeting but there was not even a single Indian in this commission in 1927 Indian congress committed to shun Simon commission.
There are many strike created by Indians. In 1928 October 30 at Lahore Lala Lajpat Rai got seriously injured while leading the procession which was against of Simon Commission. Due to this he died in 17th November 1928.
THE DANDI YATRA
In 12th March 1930 Mahatma Gandhi officially started Civil disobedience movement .On this day he with his 78 congress followers started the march towards the place named Dandi which was 241 miles away from Sabarmati Ashram.
The main motive of Mahatma Gandhi was to disobedience the rule of taking salt. The walk from Sabarmati to Dandi is popularly known as “DANDI YATRA”.
On 6th April 1930 at the morning Mahatma Gandhi reached at Dandi and picked handful of sand to break the rule.
THE ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE:
This was the second time that Mahatma Gandhi and the people of India took another step for freedom. To control this movement Britishers were agreed to make a conversation with mahatma Gandhi. Britishers were known that it is impossible to control this movement with power. So they called First round table conference (1930) but it got failure.
On 5th March 1931 Gandhi Irwin pact was executed. After that he attained second Round table conference (7th Sept-1st Dec,1931) but,
it also got failed. The 3rd Round table conference(17th Nov-24th Dec,1932)also failed because no member of congress attained the conference.
THE QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT :
Mahatma Gandhi launch the Quit India movement in August 1942.This movement was launched at the BOMBAY session. On 8th August 1942 ,during World war II ,demanding an end to British Raj and set a free INDIA.
Gandhi made a call to “DO OR DIE” in his quit India speech was delivered in BOMBAY. Due to the Mahatma Gandhi’s effort and support of the Indian people India finally got the freedom from BRITISH RAJ on 15th AUGUST 1947.